ارزیابی مورفولوژی و مکانیزم‌‌های شکل‌گیری نانوذرات اکسید روی و اکسید مس ساخته شده به روش هم‌رسوبی

نوع مقاله : علمی و پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه مهندسی مواد، دانشکدۀ فنی مهندسی گلپایگان، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان، گلپایگان.

چکیده

یکی از عوامل مهم در تعیین خواص متنوع نانوذرات، مانند خواص مکانیکی، فیزیکی، نوری، مغناطیسی، الکتریکی و بیولوژیکی، مورفولوژی آن‌‌هاست. در این پژوهش، نانو ذرات اکسید روی (ZnO) و اکسید مس (CuO) به روش هم‌رسوبی با پروتکل‌های یکسان ساخته شدند. نیترات روی و سولفات مس به ترتیب به‌عنوان پیش سازه‌های اکسید روی و اکسید مس انتخاب شدند. ساختار بلوری و فازهای شکل گرفته و مورفولوژی نانوذرات ایجاد شده به ترتیب با پراش پرتو ایکس (XRD) و میکروسکوپ الکترونی روبشی (SEM) مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. بررسی ساختار بلوری، فازهای شکل یافته و مورفولوژی هر دو نانو ذره نشان داد که اکسید روی و اکسید مس بدون هیچ گونه ناخالصی و با مورفورلوژی‌های متفاوت ساخته شدند. نانو ذرات اکسید روی و اکسید مس بدست آمده به ترتیب ساختارهای کروی-الماسی شکل و سلسله مراتبی گل مانند داشتند که این مورفولوژی‌‌های متفاوت ناشی از ساختارهای بلورین متفاوت و برهمکنش‌های الکترواستاتیکی مختلف بین آنیون‌ها و سطوح قطبی آن‌ها مربوط می‌‌شود که در نهایت منجر به ساختارهای متفاوت آن‌ها می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of the morphologies and formation mechanisms of ZnO and CuO nanoparticles synthesized via the co-precipitation method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Narges Johari
  • Faezeh Zohari
  • Fatemeh Rafati
Materials Engineering Group, Golpayegan College of Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Golpayegan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

One of the crucial parameters to tune the various properties of nanoparticles, such as mechanical, physical, optical, magnetical, electrical, and biological properties is their structure and morphologies. In the present study, zinc oxide (ZnO) and cupric oxide (CuO) nanoparticles were synthesized via the co-precipitation method with the same protocols. The phase structures and morphologies of the prepared nanoparticles were investigated using an X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. The obtained results revealed that no additional phase forms during the synthesis of ZnO and CuO nanoparticles. The evaluation of the phase structure and morphologies of the prepared nanoparticles exhibited that ZnO and CuO nanoparticles were shaped in different morphologies. ZnO and CuO nanoparticles were shaped in the spherical-diamond-like and hierarchical flower-like structures due to their various crystallographic structures and electrostatic interaction mechanism between different anions and polar surfaces. Indeed, these behaviors lead to the formation of different morphologies and structures.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Zinc oxide nanoparticles
  • Cupric oxide nanoparticles
  • morphology
  • Mechanism
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